History of BNTU

The large and complex tasks of restoring the economy of Belarus in the 1920s required the training of highly qualified personnel for all sectors of the national economy.

In this regard, on December 10, 1920 , The Minsk Polytechnic School of the "Technical School" type was transformed into a higher technical educational institution " Belarusian State Polytechnic Institute" (BSPI)

for the training of engineers with higher education in the main areas of production activities of the state.
The recruitment of students was carried out by five faculties:

  • mechanical
  • engineering and construction
  • cultural and technical
  • chemical-technological
  • electrotechnical.

N.K. Yaroshevich was appointed the first director (rector) . The teaching staff consisted of about 50 people. In the first academic year, 305 students and 119 students of the preparatory department studied at the institute.

Later, after a series of reorganizations, on July 1, 1933, the Council of People's Commissars of Belarus decides to restore the Polytechnic Institute, which in September 1933 employed 120 teachers and 20 departments. 1200 students studied at the institute.

In the early 40s of the XX century. BPI became one of the leading technical universities in the Soviet Union. At 32 departments of four faculties, engineers were trained in seven specialties. The number of teachers has increased to 180, including 19 professors and 71 associate professors. For 1933-1941. about 2000 engineers were trained.
The Great Patriotic War interrupted the work of the BPI. It resumed in 1945, when 375 students started classes. In 1949, the number of students grew to 1500 people, more than 160 teachers worked in 37 departments.

1991 _ - The Belarusian Polytechnic Institute of the Order of the Red Banner of Labor was transformed into the Belarusian State Polytechnic Academy (BSPA) (Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Belarusian SSR of April 17, 1991 No. 149).

1997 - The Belarusian State Polytechnic Academy was granted the status of a leading engineering and technical educational institution in the national education system of the Republic of Belarus (Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus dated January 17, 1997 No. 6).

2002 - The Belarusian State Polytechnic Academy was transformed into the Belarusian National Technical University (BNTU) (Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus No. 165 of 04/01/2002).

2005 _ — The decision to give the Belarusian National Technical University the status of the basic organization of the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States for higher technical education (Decision of the Council of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Independent States dated November 25, 2005).


Since its founding, the university has produced and produced:

  • over 185 thousand highly qualified specialists for the Republic of Belarus;
  • over 7000 specialists for 120 countries of the world.


Никандр Казимирович  ЯРОШЕВИЧ (1920-1922 гг.)Иван Иосифович ДРУЖЕЛОВСКИЙ (1934-1936 гг.)Дмитрий Иустинович ГОРИН (1937-1939 гг.)Самуил Иоахимович  ПОЗНЯК (1939-1941, 1945-1947гг.)Михаил Васильевич  ДОРОШЕВИЧ (1947-1959 гг.)Георгий Михайлович  КОКИН (1959-1962 гг.) Петр Иванович  ЯЩЕРИЦЫН (1962-1976 гг.)Валентин Дмитриевич ТКАЧЕВ (1976-1983 гг.)Виктор Николаевич  ЧАЧИН (1983-1994 гг.)Михаил Иванович ДЕМЧУК (1994-2000 гг.)